Facts About The Tigris River

Facts About The Tigris River
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The Tigris River is located on the western side of Asia. The word “Tigris” is derived from a Persian word “Tigera”, which means fast. It is one of the major and major rivers that cross five countries: Turkey, Syria, Iraq, and Iraq. Find out more facts and information about the Tigris river.

Tigris river originates from Turkey and drains into the Persian Gulf. (Image source: Source: www.internationalwaterlaw.org/blog/)
  1. Tigris originates from Lake Hazar in Taurus Mountains, Turkey. The source of the Tigris water is melting of snow in spring.
  2. Flowing through the desert areas, the Tigris has many dams built upon it.
  3. The Tigris river is the twin of Euphrates River. The reason Euphrates and Tigris are called twins is that they both originate from the same region in Turkey and flow parallel to each other until they unite.
  4. The Tigris and the Euphrates together form the Tigris-Euphrates basin, which is known as the “cradle of civilization”. Their basin is also known as the “fertile crescent”.
  5. Tigris flows from Turkey through Anatolia plateau and heads towards Syria.
  6. Tigris flows through the countries Turkey, Syria, Iran, Iraq and, Kuwait.
  7. After leaving Turkey, Tigris flows through important cities like Mosul, Tikrit, Samarra, Baghdad, Kut, Amarah after which it unites with Euphrates river and forms the river, “Shatt-al-Arab”.
  8. The area where the Euphrates and the Tigris meet is called as Shattab.
  9. Among the cities situated on its banks, the most important are Baghdad the capital of Iraq and Mosul.
  10. Tigris unites with the Euphrates at the Kuwait Iraq border. Shortly after uniting, Shatt-al-Arab flows into the Persian Gulf.
  11. Tigris is 1850 km long until it meets with the Euphrates. Its total length including that of after its confluence with the Euphrates is 2800 Km.
  12. The plains along the twin rivers Euphrates and Tigris are fertile and thrived ancient civilizations including the Mesopotamian Civilization.
  13. Major ancient cities that thrived near the banks of the Tigris River were Nineveh, Ctesiphon, and Seleucia. These were the cities of Mesopotamian Civilization.
  14. Some parts of the Tigris River where the water is shallow allow boat navigation. Areas beyond Baghdad require rafts.
  15. The drainage basin of Tigris is about 375000 square km.
  16. Iraq’s largest dam is built on the Tigris River in Mosul.
  17. Tigris forms a natural 44 Km border natural between the countries and Turkey.
  18. Tigris is called by various names in different languages. For example, Dicle in Turkish, Deqlaṯ in Syrian and, Dejle in Modern Persian.
  19. As per the Sumerian mythology, the River Tigris was created by a god named Enki.

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