Lake Titicaca is one of the most beautiful places in America. It located on the Andes mountain range between both Peru and Bolivia. Here are some cool facts on Titicaca Lake of South America that make it one of the most iconic places in the world.
Surface area: 8,372 km2
Average depth: 107 m
Max. depth: 281 m
Elevation: 3,812 m
Highest navigable lake
Located on the border of Peru and Bolivia, lake Titicaca is 3,812 meters above sea level. has an approximate surface area of 8,490 km2 and an average depth of 107 meters. It is also the largest lake in South America both by volume of water and size.
Birthplace of Incas
As per the Incan mythology, Lake Titicaca was the birth place of the first man and woman. In other versions, it is believed that the first Incan King Manco Capac was born at this lake. Incan civilization flourished between 1400 and 1533 A.D During an expedition in 2002, remains of a lost city of the Incan civilization were found in the lake.
Floating Islands of Uros
The Titicaca Lake a total of 62 islands, of which some are populated. These islands were constructed by the Uros people.The Uros are an indigenous race of Peru that migrated there more than 3,000 years ago. The Uros made the islands with a thick buoyant reed that grows abundantly in the shallows of Lake Titicaca. They made the islands to evade the enemy. Nevertheless, they were still conquered by the Incan dynasty.
This reed growing in the lake is also used in the manufacture of all the crafts and boats with which its inhabitants go fishing.
Flora and fauna in the lake
The lake is home to a wide variety of birds, fish and amphibians. Some of these species are just limited to this lake, which include the Titicaca frog (Telmatobius culeus) that can weigh up to 1 kg is among the largest frog species in the world. The Titicaca grebe is a bird only found in lake Titicaca. 90% of the fish found in the lake cannot be found anywhere else.
The largest island on the lake
Isla del Sol is the largest island located on the lake. This point also contains the highest point of the lake, which is at the height of 4084 meters.
Amantani is a small island on Lake Titicaca that has ancient ruins on two of its mountain peaks. The ruins date back to pre-columbian cultures of South America. More ancient remains can be found on Isla del Sol island’s Bolivian side.