The three horizontal stripes of Germany’s flag have a long history associated with them. Their origin can be traced back to as long as the 12th century. Here are some facts about German flag.
3 Stripes of Black Red, and Gold
- The German flag has 3 horizontal stripes black, red and golden yellow.
- In the Roman Empire, around the 1400’s, the flag was still entirely yellow with an eagle in the middle.
- The 3-stripe pattern really did not prevail until around 1840 – 1850.
- The German flag is a symbol of unity, freedom and democracy. The design of the flag goes back to the 19th century. The colors, black, red and golden, were previously only officially known to the German nation in the Weimar Republic.
Some History Behind the Flag
- Black, red and gold originated as the national colors in the uniforms of the Lützower Freikorps in the 1813. The black was the color of the dress of the uniform. The golden buttons represented unity of thought.
- In the late 1960s, flag designs by Prince Adalbert of Prussia were discovered for various German flags.
- As a national flag, Prince Adalbert proposed a horizontal tricolor in black-red-gold and a quartered flag with a rectangle in gold (on the upper side), a black rectangle (in the lower part) and two red rectangles.
Colors of the revolution
- The colors of the German flag might also have originated from a famous saying, “Fighting bloody battles (red) to come from the depth of slavery (black) to the light of freedom (gold).” They saying is derived from the 1848 revolution. The colors were attached to freedom wars against Napoleon.
- The Nazis disliked the currently used German flag.
- Burning the German flag is illegal according to Strafgesetzbuch (StGB).
- In 1949, the German Flag changed for both sides after the Berlin Wall was put up. The Federal Republic carried on with the same version of the flag, while the GDR adopted a flag with a hammer and compass within the ring of rye in 1959. The GDR’s flag symbolized the alliance of workers, peasants and academicians.
- The black-red-gold are also symbolic of national socialism.
- The coat worn by the crowned king of Germany Frederick II in 1212 was black-red-gold and was used until 1806 until the end of Roman Empire.
- The National Assembly decided to have the black-red-gold as the national flag in 1919, but it didn’t last. In 1933, the National Socialists disapproved the flag.
- On 23 May 1949, the black-red-golden flag became the state flag of the Federal Republic of Germany.
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