Geoges Seurat (1859 – 1891) was a French painter known for inventing painting techniques known as chromoluminarism and pointillism. His work was not just artistically intriguing but also appealed mathematical and scientific minds. He was a key influencer of the 19th century paintings and also initiated Neo-impressionism. Read on for interesting facts on Georges Seurat.
His most famous work A Sunday Afternoon
This painting is the most iconic painting of late 19th century. This painting of his changed the path of modern art as this led to the neo-impressionist painting. The painting depicts people from different social classes at a park. The painting is made of tiny juxtaposed dots that allow the viewer to blend colors rather than see individual colors on the canvas. Seurat took two years to complete the painting that was 10 foot wide.
Born and raised
Seurat was born into a wealthy family in Paris, France. His father, Antoine Chrysostome Seurat, was a legal officer and, was from Champagne. His mother, Ernestine Faivre, was a Parisian.
His paintings were rejected by the Paris Salon
On this, Seurat turned his back on similar establishments and instead decided to become an ally of independent French artists. In 1884, he founded the society, Society of Independent Artists which had other prominent artists like Maximilien Luce as its members.
Pointillism and Chromoluminarism
Pointillism is an art in which small dots of color are applied to the surface in patterns to form an image. It depicts the ability of the eye to blend the dots into fuller tones. Artist Paul Signac also joined him in his movement on Pointillism. His work also influenced the Fauves
Chromoluminarism can be defined as the mixture of art and science. In Chromoluminarism, Seurat refrained from mixing two colors in his palet. Instead, he used tiny dots that created an effect of optical mixing.
He lived in secret with a young model, Madeleine Knobloch, whom he painted in his painting Young Woman Powdering. In February 1890, she gave birth to their son, Pierre Georges.
Died at the age of 31 with unfinished work
His work, The Circus, was left unfinished when he died at the young age of 31 on March 29, 1891. It is not known how he died, however, it is believed he died of meningitis or pneumonia or diphtheria.
Work influenced by Science
In the 19th century, researchers like Michel Eugene, Ogden Rood and David Sutter wrote papers on color, and optical effects. This scientific research was adapted by Georges Seurat in his art. In fact, he produced color wheel as his contribution. He used the color theory to overlap primary colors and produce secondary colors. This made his work luminous and eye-catching.
Most famous paintings
He made his most important paintings: A bath in Asnières (1884), Sunday afternoon on the island of La Grande Jatte (1886), his masterpiece, and Parada del Circo(1888). In 1889 he made the painting The Eiffel Tower.