Rivers are the lifeline of our nation. India is majorly an agricultural economy and most of the agriculture in Indian is dependent on rivers. Indian rivers are divided on the basis of their origin. The Himalayan rivers originate from glaciers and, the peninsular rivers are dependent on rainfall. We’ll discuss some cool facts about both Himalayan and peninsular rivers of India.
1. Peninsular rivers are of two types – East Flowing (Bay of Bengal) and West flowing (Arabian Sea). These rivers empty into two seas that India is surrounded by.
2. Some of the peninsular rivers are – Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Brahamani and Subernekha.
3. Hirakund Dam in Odisha, the largest dam in South India is built on Mahanadi.
4. The highest waterfall in India – Jog Falls is formed when Sharavathi river flows from a height of 829 ft.
5. The second largest dam in South India – Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is built on Krishna river in Andhra Pradesh.
6. Cuttack Delta is formed by the Mahanadi river.
7. The point at which Mahanadi meets the sea is known as False Point.
8. The Kumbh Mela of South India is held on the banks of Godavari River in Nashik.
9. Krishna river originates at Krishna Bal Temple in Maharashtra.
10. Krishna river flows through 3 states – Maharashtra, Karnataka and, Andhra Pradesh.
11. Scenery around Narmada is considered to be the most beautiful as it flows through the Marble rocks of Jabalpur.
12. Two major rivers flowing in Rajasthan – Luni and Banas have inland water drainage, i.e., they do not empty into the ocean, but get lost in the sand.
13. Most important rivers in India are – Ganga, Yamuna, Brahamaputra and, Narmada.
14. Ganga river is also known “Mokshdayini” and worshiped by the Hindus.
15. 58% of the 1900 million litres produced by Delhi is dumped in to Yamuna. Yamuna is the most polluted river in India.
16. Saraswati that existed 4000 years ago no longer exists, but has its name mentioned in the Rigveda.
17. Rivers that originate in India and flow into Pakistan – Indus, Jhelum, Ravi and, Satluj.
18. Ganga does not actually originate from Gangotri, it’s tributary Bhagirathi does. Bhagirathi and Alaknanda join at Devprayag to form the Ganga.
19. The Brahamaputra river is known as Tsang Po in China, Jomuna in Bangladesh and, Dihang in Arunachal Pradesh.
20. The Brahamaputra while flowing through Assam becomes as wide as 20 Km! Majuli is an island in the Brahamaputra and is the largest river island in the world. Majuli became a district in 2016.
21. The first foreign invasion in India which resulted in the Battle of Hydaspes was fought on the banks of river Jhelum in Kashmir.
22. The Yamuna is the second largest tributary of Ganga followed by Ghagara.
23. Calcutta is situated on the banks of Hoogli. Hoogli is a distributary of the Ganga.
24. The Ganga is known as the Padma in Bangladesh.
25. The Ganga is formed by the confluence of 12 rivers.
26. One of the world’s oldest civilizations – Indus Valley civilization was based around the flood plain of the Indus.
27. Chambal, Narmada and, Brahmaputra are among the cleanest rivers in India.
28. India’s longest bridge (9.15 Km) is built on Brahmaputra river connecting Dhola, Arunachal Pradesh to Sadiya, Assam.
29. The Triveni Sangam of 3 rivers – Ganga, Yamuna and, Saraswati is famous for migratory birds during summer.
30. Harike Pattan, Punjab is the confluence of Beas and Satluj rivers and is also the largest wetland in North India.
31. The highest dam in India – Tehri Dam is build on Bhagirathi river.
32. The dam with highest power generation capacity is Koyna Dam built on Koyna river which is a tributary of the Krishna.
33. The Brahmaputra is the 5th strongest river in the world. It is one of few rivers in the world known for “tidal bore” – a phenomenon in which incoming tidal waves travel against the river current.
34. The Ganga and the Brahmaputra together form the largest delta in the world – Sunderban Delta.