The Auschwitz camp complex was established in 1940 in what is now South-Central Poland. The Auschwitz camp was the largest concentration and extermination camp of the Nazi Germany. An estimated 1.1 to 1.5 billion people died in the Auschwitz camp, out of which 90% were jews. Auschwitz was also called the “Final Solution” with because of its strategic location. It was located at a junction where converged 44 railway tracks. The tracks were helpful in transporting the jews. Here are more horrifying facts about Auschwitz.
The doctors performed human experiments
The Nazi doctors used the prisoners to carry on drug tests. They were kept in pressure chambers, where the temperatures were deliberately overcooled. They injected chemicals into children, tried to change their eye color and performed operations without anesthesia. A doctor named Josef Mengele was known for his monstrosity. He used the prisoners to conduct research and invented new ways of killing them. In an experiment, he stitched four-year-old twins Guido and Ina on their backs to obtain Siamese twins. The children suffered terribly until their parents managed to get a lethal dose of morphine and relieve them of their suffering.
Camps within Auschwitz
The Auschwitz Camp included the Birkenau extermination camp and the Monowitz labor camp. The concentration camp in Auschwitz, which included the Birkenau extermination camp and the Monowitz labor camp, was the largest extermination camp because of huge population of Jews living in German-occupied countries. Over a million people lost their lives here.
They were mostly killed with poison gas, Zyklon B. Zyklon B is a granulate, a solid in which the liquid hydrogen cyanide has been absorbed. The reason for this storage in the form of granules is the extreme toxicity of hydrogen cyanide and it is far easier to work with a solid than its liquid liquid form. Soviets, that took over the camp in 1945, said that some deaths were also carried on by giving electric shocks on an electric treadmill. They threw their bodies in ovens to burn and used their ashes as manure for cabbage fields.
Number of Deaths
Historians estimated that about 1.1 million people died in Auschwitz concentration camp. In addition to the Jews, at least 70,000 Poles, 14,000 Soviet prisoners of war and 10,000 Czechs, Belarussians and other victims were killed.