The Amazon rainforest in South America is home to an incredible variety of animal flora and fauna. It is one of the most important places on earth. Here are some amazing unique facts about the amazon rainforests.
It covers 9 nations
Brazil has 64% of the Amazon rainforest, while Peru has 13% and Colombia has 10% of the Amazon rainforest.
390 billion trees
It is estimated that there are a total of 390 billion trees in the Amazon. It has over 16,000 species of trees.
Home to many tribes
About 400-500 indigenous Amerindian tribes live in the forests. It is believed that there could be as many as 100 tribes living in the Amazon rainforests about which us civilized people don’t know. Also that as much of 50 of these tribes have never contacted the world outside.
It occupies 6.7 million km squared of area, which is twice the size of India.
10% of the biodiversity of the earth is found in the Amazon
There are 40,000 plant species, 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 430 mammals and 2.5 million different insects. Not just that, many of the species found in the Amazon rainforests are endangered.
The rainforests are home to incredibly deadly animals like electric eels, poison dart frogs, jaguars, venomous snakes, and flesh-eating piranha. One less known deadly fish is Pirarucu, which can grow 3 meters long. It has teeth on its tongue and also on the roof of its mouth!
Did you know that the poison dart frog has enough poison to kill 10 humans?
“Amazon” is derived from Greek mythology
In Greek mythology, Amazon was a tribe of female warriors that “hated” men.
Amazon river used to flow in the opposite direction in ancient times
About 100 million years ago, Amazon used to flow from east to west and flowed into the Atlantic Ocean. This was when the dinosaurs still roamed the earth.
A river underneath the Amazon River
A river named the Hamza river flows at the depth of 4,000 meters for approximately 6,000 kilometers, right underneath the Amazon river.
There was no bridge on the Amazon river until 2010
Surprisingly, for the entire width of the Amazon river, you will hardly ever come across a bridge. The only bridge that exists on the river is Rio-Negro Bridge that connects Manaus and Iranduba cities in Brazil. It is 3.6 kilometers in length.
More Fun Facts on Amazon Rainforests
Johan Eliasch, a Swedish millionaire bought 400,000 acres of the Amazon Rainforest for $40,000,000 so that the precious forests stay preserved.
There is a theory that Amazon Rainforests are a result of soil improvement by the indigenous population.
The forests lose Phosphorus in the soil every year due to floods. The forest continues to thrive because the Phosphorus is replenished by winds from the Sahara Desert.
About 25% of our medication is produced from ingredients found in the Amazon Rainforests.
The average annual rainfall in the area is about 2,000 mm. In some parts of the forest, the rainfall is as high as 6300 mm.
The rivers, Amazon and Rio Negro flow together and still do not mix. This is because of their different rate of flow and temperature.
Amazon Rainforests are called the “lungs of the planet”. However, they do not really contribute as much oxygen as we imagine. In fact, at night, the trees give Carbon Dioxide and consume Oxygen. 80% of the Oxygen on our planet is produced by phytoplankton.