Sobek was one the most iconic deities in ancient Egypt. He is known as the “Crocodile God“. Today, we have knowledge about him from ancient pyramid texts. He was also the god of Nile, which is believed to have emerged from his sweat. The farmers cultivating near the Nile Basin used to worship Sobek in order to bring fertility to the soil and increase vegetation. Explore more facts about Sobek, the Egyptian God –
Sobek, the Egyptian god of strength was presented in many stories, myths and legends of Egyptian Mythology.
As per Egyptian myths, Sobek was born out of water and gave birth to this entire world.
Sobek’s Worship and Various Forms
He was worshipped as a major deity during the Middle Kingdom (1938 – 1630 BCE) under the twelfth dynasty pharaoh, Amenemhat. During this period, Sobek was also depicted as falcon-headed and closely associated with Horus. Horus was the son of Sobek
Sobek was connected with the sun god – Ra. Eventually, Sobek-Ra was worshipped majorly during the years 1550 – 1069 BCE. Egyptian Mythology believed him to be the King of all Gods because of his association with the sun god, hence making him very prominent.
The major cult of believers of Sobek lived in Faiyum (Fayyum) and Kom Ombo. There are some local versions of Sobek in the Faiyum Region. Some of these versions were – Soknebtunis, Sokonnokonni and, Souxei.
Among the most renowned versions of Sobek were – Pnepheros and Petsuchos. Petsuchos was a live crocodile in whom the people believed that Sobek, the God incarnated. There used to be Temple of Pnepheros in Karanis region of Egypt in 1st century BCE.
Shedyet was one of his prominent cult centres and he is said to have made his first appearance in Shedyet.
Sobek was worshipped until the Ptolemaic and Roman Period in 3rd century BCE.
A strong evidence of the worship of the Crocodile God were – the mummified crocodiles found in ancient tombs. The Egyptians used to mummify crocodiles as well as their eggs and bury them with their deceased ones to protect them in their afterlife.
Son of God of War
According to some Egyptian myths, Sobek was the son of Set, (the God of War and Hostility) and Neith (Goddess of Hunting and Warfare).
Sobek is depicted in the form of a man with the head of a crocodile.
Temples of Sobek
Many temples in the region of Kom Ombo that were dedicated to Sobek had sacred pools that bred crocodiles, where they were also fed.
Some of the old temples dedicated to Sobek in the Faiyum and Kom Ombo region still exist. One of these temples is – Temple of Narmuthis.
Legend in Egyptian Mythology
Sobek is believed to have carried the corpse of Osiris on his back to the banks of the Nile. As per Egyptian Mythology, Osiris was the god of the underground world. Osiris is believed to have been the enemy of Horus (Sobek’s son).
Sobek’s wife, Renenutet was the Goddess of nourishment and brought a fortune to ancient Egyptians.
Greece has a Sanctuary of the Egyptian Gods, which also depicts Sobek.
Sobek is also referred by the names – Sebek, Sobek-Ra, Sobeq, Suchos, Sobki and Soknopais.