Snefru was the first pharaoh of Dynasty IV. He is also called as Sneferu , Snefru or Esnofru. He reigned during the Old Kingdom and is considered to be the most important pharaoh of the Ancient Kingdom. His reign took place between 2613-2589 BC. As per the study by the Historians, he was a good ruler and was very benevolent. Facts about Snefru reveal that he was buried under the Red Pyramid in Dahsur.
Seneferu had several wives and concubines. Hetespheres was his main wife. Besides Hetespheres, he had at least 2 more wives.
He had many sons and daughters because of the fact that he had many wives. His immediate successor was his son, Khufu. Nefermaat I was his eldest son. Some of the names of his other children are Ankhhaf, Kanefer, Rahotep, Ranefer, Iynefer, Nefertkau, Nefertnesu, Meritities, Henutsen and, Hetepheres (named after her mother).
Already in the times of Seneferu the ancient Egyptians had developed a mathematics and a geometry of the highest level.
Construction of pyramid
He is credited the construction of the Pyramid of Meidum, the first attempt to create an authentic pyramid. He is also believed to have constructed the Red Pyramid and the Rhomboidal Pyramid, in Dahsur.
The pyramids of Dhasur, especially the south, are the first example of the most complete funerary complexes.
Understandings from stone of Palermo
Through The Stone of Palermo, archaeologists could understand various events during the period of Sneferu. As per the researchers, Senefru was a warrior king. He took an expedition to Nupia to suppress a revolt in Dodecasqueno and caught 7000 prisoners.
He constructed many temples
During his reign, Snefru also constructed many temples, palaces and fortresses.
Heteferes survived her husband, Snefru, and at her death, her son, Keops (Jufu) had her buried near the pyramid of her husband.
Pyramids and architecture
One of the notable architectural innovations during Snefru’s period was the construction of the “Bent Pyramid” or the Rhomboidal or Blunted Pyramid. The pyramid initially built like other pyramids but was later modified and given an inclination in its upper levels.
During its reign, three large pyramids and two smaller pyramids were built, with more than 3.6 million cubic meters of stone.