India improved by staggering amounts after it gained independence in 1947, went through quite a number of turmoils including financial crisis, food scarcity, wars with neighboring countries, communal disputes. Despite the odds, the life of an average Indian meets their own expectations. From going to work and battling intense traffic and pollution to coming back home and saving money for a better future, here are the facts about life in India and how various factors impact the life of a person living in India.
Facts about the rich and Poor in India
- Lifestyle in India varies to a huge degree that you would find some of the richest as well as the poorest people of the world in India.
- In 2018, 73% of the entire wealth in India was owned by 1% richest people in India.
- Minimum wage in India is Rs. 176/day as per 2015.
- Per capita income in India is 6,490 PPP dollars and ranks 126th among 200 countries.
- As per the World Bank, it is estimated that about 1/3rd of the world’s poor population resides in India.
- A household in India is considered to be below poverty line if their annual income is less than INR 27,000.
- 22% of India’s population lives below BPL. Among the Indian states, Chhattisgarh has the highest percentage of population lIving below the poverty line with almost 40% of its population BPL.
- As of 2016, the middle class population of India touched 267 million is likely to increase upto 475 million by 2030.
Facts about living standard and happiness in India
- Standard of living is defined as the availability of material goods like comfort and wealth in a community.
- Hyderabad ranks on top in standard of living in India, while Hyderabad’s rank in the world stands at 142 among 450 cities ranked globally.
- New Delhi ranks the lowest in the standard of living index.
- India ranks 133rd out of 156 countries in the happiness index 2018 and ranks behind countries like Pakistan. Other developing countries have ranked much ahead of India in this index. Brazil ranked 28th while Mexico ranked 24th.
Facts about employment in India
- Of India’s 470 million workforce, about half, I.e., 215 million people are self employed. Self employed people include doctors, accountants, entrepreneurs, street vendors, etc.
- 97 million people earn a regular wage, while 148 million people earn casual wages.
- Only about 1. 7% of India’s population, viz 12.5 million pay taxes.
- I.T. Sector is the largest employment provider to graduates in India. The monthly salary of most graduates in India varies between INR 15,000 – 40,000. While there’s no limit to maximum salary.
- Graduates can earn a monthly income of at least 15,000 for their skill. However, graduates settling for less suited jobs at lesser salary is common in india because of lack of jobs.
- Indian railways is the biggest employment provider in India with about 14 lakh employees, followed be Defence, which has 13 lakh employees
Facts about cost of living in India
- Indian cities are one of the cheapest cities in the world. In fact, Chennai is among the top 10 cheapest cities in the world.
- Consumer prices in India are 66% lesser than that of the U.S.
- Minimum monthly rental in India is INR 4000 but it can vary depending on the location and type of accommodation. Average money spent on food is between 4000 to 6000. On an average, one can live a moderately comfortable life with a monthly expense of 20,000.
Facts about cuisines and food in India
- Indian cuisine’s staple food includes rice, whole wheat flour, and lentils like masoor, toor and, urad.
- Indian cuisine mostly consists of vegetarian food. In non-vegetarian food, chicken and meat are common, while fish is common is coastal states like Bangla. Beef is prohibited in india because of religious sentiments attached with cow.
- A meal in Indian cuisine consists of whole wheat roti, rice, lentil curry and a vegetable dish.
- Different regions in India have different cuisines like, Gujarati, Punjabi, rajasthani, south indian, north Eastern, etc.
Facts about religion in India
- 4 major religions of the world including Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and, Jainism have their origins in India.
- Hindus make up to 80% of the population in India, followed by Muslims which make up 15% of the population.
- Muslim population in India is second largest in the world followed only by that of Indonesia. It is estimated that by 2050, India’s Muslim population will overtake that of Indonesia.
- Sikhs are 1.7% of the population, Buddhists – 0.7%, Jain – 0.4%.
- India is a secular nation as declared in its constitution and gives its citizen the right to choose and change their religion as per their will. India has been known to prohibit occasional proselytization by Christian and Muslims.
- Communal violence:
The deadliest communal violence in India took place in Gujarat in 1969 between Hindus and Muslims after an attack on a Hindu Temple. Riots in Gujarat happened again in 2002 between Hindus and Muslims, but this time less severe and lasted for 3 days.
Riots between Hindus and Sikhs erupted in 1984 following the assassination of then PM Indira Gandhi by two Sikh bodyguard and led to the massacre of thousands of Sikhs.
In 1990, Kashmiri Muslims forced Kashmiri Pundits out of the state during which about 300 Kashmiri Pundits were killed and lakhs were forced to migrate out of Kashmir.
Another major communal dispute includes Ayodhya case that still stands unresolved. Check more details about communal riots in India on this link.
- Major religious festivals celebrated in India include Diwali, Ramadan and, Holi.
- Sikhism is the youngest religion and was found in the 16th century. While Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world founded between 15th – 5the century BC.
Fact about life in India
- Hindi is the national language of India and almost everyone in India speaks Hindi. There are some exceptions in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, where some people speak in Hindi. English can be used to communicate in these states.
- Animals like cows, buffaloes, bulls and street dogs are a common sight and can be seen freely roaming on roads and streets.
- Cricket is the most popular game in India and has a huge fan following. Although, the national game of India is Hockey.
- Indians equate rivers to goddesses and worship them.
- New Delhi is among the most polluted cities in the world owing to yearly stubble burning in the nearby agricultural states.
- Women in India enjoy equal rights as men as per the Indian constitution. However, despite the measures taken to protect women’s rights, it’s not unusual in India to see women becoming victims of gender discrimination, sexual assault, etc. In fact, some strict religious practices in Hindus and Muslims bar women from equal rights as men. In 2018, India was declared as the most unsafe country in the world for women by a survey conducted by the Thomas Reuters Foundation.
- 41.8% of the population in India is between the ages of 25-54.
- 1.5 million engineers graduate in India every year. In a report published in The Hindu in 2016, the number of Indian scientists and engineers working in the USA are close to 1 million.