The African Dwarf Frog is a small-sized frog native to equatorial Africa. They are also commonly petted. Read on to know interesting African Dwarf Frog facts.
Scientific name: Hymenochirus boettgeri
Length: 7.5 centimeters
Weight: 4 pounds
Tank size needed: 25 liters or more
Lifespan: 5 years, 20 years in captivity
African dwarf frog only grows up to 7.5 centimeters in length and weigh up to 4 pounds. The average life expectancy of these frogs is 5 years.
How do they look like?
They have 4 fingers in their front limbs and 5 on their hind limbs all of which have an webbed membrane.
Their color is usually olive green or brown and they have small black spots on their skin. Their belly is light colored.
Common as an aquarium frog
African dwarf frog make a good pet for those who have just begun this hobby. They can be kept in an aquarium with at least 25 liters (5.5 galleons) of water and do not require much maintenance.
Similar to the nail frog
The african dwarf frog is often confused with the nail frog because both are aquatic frogs and small in size.
Then how to differentiate between nail frog and dwarf frog?
The African dwarf has membranes between the toes of its front and hind legs, and the nail frog does not.
What do African dwarf frogs eat?
African dwarf frogs are omnivores. As pets, they will pretty much eat anything you feed them.
Nocturnal but can adapt to diurnal lifestyle
African dwarf frogs are nocturnal creatures who hunt during the night. But they are quite adaptive and can be fed during the day when they are petted.
They don’t have a tongue
African dwarf frogs are very slow eaters because they do not have a tongue. They use their front legs to push the food into their oesophagus.
They are restless
African dwarf frogs can be rarely seen resting at one spot. Although they sleep for 12 hours a day, but when they are awake, they are never still at one place. When stationary, the African dwarf frog may float in one spot, with its limbs completely outstretched. This is normal behavior, called “burbling“.
They can’t bet kept with other fish
Fish can be voracious eaters leaving the African dwarf frog starving.
African dwarf frog males are singers and can be heard humming often
Males african dwarf frogs have been known to “sing” when they’re up for mating. They may sing otherwise too. Males also have special glands on the back of their front legs. It is believed that these glands play some part in mating.
They cannot live outside water, but still need access to fresh air
They become severely dehydrated when brought outside the water for a few minutes. They also need to come to the surface to breathe in fresh air because they do not have gills, but lungs.